History of China

                                  Emperor Throne
                                  Emperor Throne
                                  in Forbidden City, Beijing
                                  China, one of the countries that can boast of an ancient civilization, has a long and mysterious history - almost 5,000 years of it! Like most other great civilizations of the world, China can trace her culture back to a blend of small original tribes which have expanded till they became the great country we have today.

                                  It is recorded that Yuanmou man is the oldest hominoid in China and the oldest dynasty is Xia Dynasty. From the long history of China, there emerge many eminent people that have contributed a lot to the development of the whole country and to the enrichment of her history. Among them, there are emperors like Li Shimin (emperor Taizong of the Tang), philosophers like Confucius, great patriotic poets like Qu Yuan and so on.

                                  Chinese society has progressed through five major stages - Primitive Society, Slave Society, Feudal Society, Semi-feudal and Semi-colonial Society, and Socialist Society. The rise and fall of the great dynasties forms a thread that runs through Chinese history, almost from the beginning. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1st, 1949, China has become a socialist society and become stronger and stronger.
                                  Timeline of Chinese History (Click to enlarge)
                                  Timeline of Chinese History

                                  Chinese History Chronology





                                   Prehistoric Times 1.7 million years ago - the 21st century BC recorded leaders include Yellow Emperor, Yao, Shun... around the Yellow River and Yangtze River in central China
                                   Xia 21st - 17th century BC Yu the Great

                                  Anyi ( in Yuncheng, Shanxi); Yangcheng (in today's Dengfeng, Zhengzhou, Henan); Yangdi (in today's Yuzhou, Henan); Zhenxun (in Luoyang, Henan)

                                   Shang 17th century BC - 1046 BC Tang Bo (in Shangqiu, Henan); Yin (in Anyang, Henan)
                                   Zhou 1046 - 256 BC
                                  Western Zhou 1046 BC - 771 BC King Wu (Ji Fa) Fengjing and Haojing (in today's Xi'an, Shaanxi)
                                  Eastern Zhou 770 - 256 BC King Ping (Ji Yijiu) Luoyi (today's Luoyang)
                                   --- Spring and Autumn Period 770 - 476 BC
                                   --- Warring States Period 475 - 221 BC
                                   Qin 221 - 207 BC Qin Shi Huang
                                  (Ying Zheng / Zhao Zheng)
                                  Xianyang (in today's Xianyang and Xi'an of Shaanxi)
                                   Han 202 BC - 220 AD Liu Bang
                                  Western Han 202 BC - 9 AD Liu Bang Chang'an (today's Xi'an)
                                  Xin Dynasty 9 - 23 AD Wang Mang Chang'an (today's Xi'an)
                                  Eastern Han 25 - 220 AD Liu Xiu Luoyang
                                   Three Kingdoms 220 - 280 AD
                                  Kingdom of Wei 220 - 265 AD Cao Pi Luoyang
                                  Kingdom of Shu 221 - 263 AD Liu Bei Chengdu
                                  Kingdom of Wu 222 - 280 AD Sun Quan Jianye (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu)
                                   Jin 265 - 420 AD Sima Yan
                                  Western Jin 265 - 316 AD Sima Yan Luoyang
                                  Eastern Jin 317 - 420 AD Sima Rui Jiankang (Nanjing, Jiangsu)
                                  Five Hus and Sixteen States 304 - 439 AD
                                   Northern and Southern Dynasties 420 - 589 AD
                                  Northern Dynasties 386 - 581 AD
                                   --- Northern Wei 386 - 534 Tuoba Gui Pingcheng (today's Datong, Shanxi); Luoyang
                                   --- Eastern Wei 534 - 550 Yuan Shanjian (actually controlled by Gao Huan) Yecheng (in Linzhang, Handan, Hebei)
                                   --- Western Wei 535 - 557 Yuan Baoju (actually controlled by Yuwen Tai) Chang'an (today's Xi'an)
                                   --- Northern Qi 550 - 577 Gao Yang Yecheng (in Linzhang, Handan, Hebei)
                                   --- Northern Zhou 557 - 581 Yuwen Jue Chang'an (today's Xi'an)
                                  Southern Dynasties 420 - 589 AD
                                   --- Song 420 - 479 Liu Yu Jiankang (today's Nanjing)
                                   --- Qi 479 - 502 Xiao Daocheng Jiankang (Nanjing)
                                   --- Liang 502 - 557 Xiao Yan Jiankang (Nanjing)
                                   --- Chen 557 - 589 Chen Baxian Jiankang (Nanjing)
                                   Sui 581 - 618 AD Yang Jian Daxing (in today's Xi'an, Shaanxi); Luoyang
                                   Tang 618 - 907 AD Li Yuan Chang'an (today's Xi'an); Luoyang
                                   Five Dynasties and Ten States 907 - 960 AD Bianliang (Kaifeng, Henan); Luoyang
                                   --- Later Liang 907 - 923 AD Zhu Wen (Zhu Quanzhong / Zhu Huang) Bianliang (Kaifeng)
                                   --- Later Tang 923 - 936 AD Li Cunxu Luoyang
                                   --- Later Jin 936 - 946 AD Shi Jingtang Bianliang (Kaifeng)
                                   --- Later Han 947 - 950 AD Liu Zhiyuan Bianliang (Kaifeng)
                                   --- Later Zhou 951 - 960 AD Guo Wei Bianliang (Kaifeng)
                                  Ten States 902 - 979 AD
                                   Song 960 - 1279 AD Zhao Kuangyin
                                  Northern Song 960 - 1127 AD Zhao Kuangyin Bianjing (Kaifeng)
                                  Southern Song 1127 - 1279 AD Zhao Gou Lin'an (Hangzhou)
                                   Liao 907 --- 1125 AD Yelü Abaoji Shangjing (Baarin Left Banner, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia)
                                  Western Xia Dynasty 1038 - 1227 AD Li Yuanhao Xingqing (today's Yinchuan, Ningxia)
                                   Jin 1115 - 1234 AD Wan-yen A-ku-ta (Wanyan Aguda / Wanyan Min) Huining (Harbin, Heilongjiang); Zhongdu (today's Beijing); Bianjing (Kaifeng)
                                   Yuan 1271 - 1368 AD Kublai Khan Dadu (today's Beijing)
                                   Ming 1368 - 1644 AD Zhu Yuanzhang Yingtian (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu); Shuntian (today's Beijing)
                                   Qing 1644 - 1911 AD Aisin Gioro Nurhachi / Hong Taiji / Fulin (Emeror Shunzhi) Beijing
                                  - Last modified on Jun. 14, 2020 -
                                  Questions & Answers on History of China
                                  Asked by Riana from UK | Jun. 12, 2020 09:39Reply
                                  I am interested in, when the Great wall of China was built and details
                                  As I like general knowledge
                                  Thank you
                                  Answers (1)
                                  Answered by Dan from USA | Jun. 14, 2020 00:55

                                  The great wall was constructed during the Qin dynasty and construction began in 215 BC, although there would be renovations and additions made every time China's neighbors to the north were too powerful for China's armies to contain them. Renovation continued until the fall of the Ming dynasty in 1644 AD, The Ming renovations were by far the largest and included the addition of cannon placements and massive towers.
                                  Asked by Judice | Apr. 19, 2020 13:15Reply
                                  What are 10 major events in china?
                                  Answers (2)
                                  Answered by Judice from USA | Apr. 19, 2020 13:18

                                  Also thank you guys so much for making this website its really helpfull for my project!
                                  Answered by coolman from GERMANY | Apr. 30, 2020 05:16

                                  I agree its realy helpfull
                                  Asked by Bakugo Katsuki from JAPAN | Dec. 10, 2019 02:24Reply
                                  Is the Xia dynasty valid to do an assignment on?
                                  The Xia dynasty is quite hard to do an assignment on as there is controversy to its existence, I want to bring an objective approach to my work but also want to do a dynasty I haven't already done assessment for.
                                  Answers (1)
                                  Answered by Jarka from LATVIA | Dec. 10, 2019 02:28

                                  If I were to approach the Xia Dynasty, I would make sure any information I found was verified by at least one legitimate first hand source. (A source taken from the time of the Xia Dynasty's reign.) Be careful not to use personal pronouns and do extensive research before drafting. It is always good to bring fresh ideas into the classroom.
                                  Asked by poop nugget from CHINA | Sep. 26, 2019 11:50Reply
                                  I'm getting confused im working on a project for school. which comes first and in what order
                                  ad, bc, ce , bce , and just something like 120
                                  Answers (2)
                                  Answered by Miller from USA | Sep. 26, 2019 12:42

                                  BC and BCE are the same. So are AD and CE.
                                  It's like a number line, with BC being the negative numbers and AD being the positive
                                  Answered by Youve Been Gnomed from DJIBOUTI | Oct. 20, 2019 15:44

                                  BC used to mean Before Christ and AD meant Anno Domini. Now we use BCE (Before Common Era) and CE (Common Era)
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